The Song of Roland
The Song of Roland is the best example of the French epic poetry called the "song of deeds." Certainly The Song of Roland can be seen as glorifying the death of Roland and his troops, and therefore could have been a tool to recruit for the crusade against the Moslems. However, another possible motive of the poet is one of discouraging warfare, rather than inciting it. The scenes of battle are described in very graphic language, because warfare is shown as brutal and meaningless. Jealousy, betrayal, and loyalty to king and country mark this poem, where courage and honor seem mocked by inevitable death.